13 February 2018

Top 25 Fundamental Human Rights In Nigeria 

top-25-fundamental-human-rights-in-nigeria

As a Nigerian,there are many fundamental human rights which you are supposed to be aware of,so that you will not be intimidated or deceived into forfeiting what rightfully belongs to you. 

In this article we are going to list some of the top 25 fundamental human rights that your are entitled to know as a Nigerian.




In Nigeria,the Human Rights Day is celebrated on the 14th of December every year. 

It's really sad that so many Nigerians do not even know their right,which is very bad,every citizen of Nigeria should be aware of his or her own fundamental human rights in other to avoid being intimidated. 

Top Fundamental Human Rights In Nigeria 

These are some of the top fundamental human rights According to the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

1. Right To Life

Every person has a right to life, and no one shall be deprived intentionally of his life, save in execution of a criminal offence of which he/she has been found guilty in Nigeria
(Section 33 of the 1999 constitution).

2. Right To Freedom Of Movement

Every citizen in Nigeria is entitled to move freely throughout Nigeria and to reside in any part thereof, and no citizen shall be expelled from Nigeria or refused entry thereof. 
(Section 41 of the 1999 constitution).

3. Right To freedom Of Dignity Of Human Person

Every individual is entitled to respect for the dignity of person and accordingly no person shall be subject to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment.

4. Right To Freedom

No person shall be held in slavery or servitude.

5. Right To Free Living

No person shall be regarded to perform forced or compulsory labour.
(Section 34 of the 1999 Constitution).

6. Right To Freedom From Discrimination

Right to freedom from discrimination on the grounds of sex, race, tribe, creed or political opinion or association.

7. Right To No Discrimination

No Nigerian shall be discriminated upon on the basis of his community, ethnic group, sex, place of origin and politician opinion.

8. Right To Fair And Equal Hearing
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In the determination of a person’s civil rights and obligations, every person shall be entitled to fair hearing within a reasonable time by the court or other tribunal established by law and constituted in like manner as to secure its impartiality.
(Section 36 of the 1999 constitution).

9. Right To Private And Family Life

The privacy of citizens, their homes, correspondences and telephone conversations is guaranteed and protected according to the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. 

10. Right To Freedom Of Expression And The Press

Every person shall be entitled to freedom of expression, including freedom to hold opinions. 
(Section 39 of the 1999 constitution).

11. Right To Information

Every person shall entitle the right to own, establish and operate any medium for the dissemination of information.

Check Out: All Laws Of Federation Of Nigeria 

12. Right To Freedom Of Thought, Conscience & Religion

Every person shall be entitled to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom (either alone or in community with others in public or in private) to manifest and propagate his religion or beliefs in teaching, worship and practice 
(Section 38 of the 1999 constitution).

13. Right To Peaceful Assembly Or Association

Every person shall be entitled to assemble freely and associate with other persons or political party 
(Section 40 of the 1999 constitution).

14. Right To Personal Liberty

Every person shall be entitled to his personal liberty and no person shall be deprived of such liberty, save in the following cases and in accordance with a procedure permitted by law.

15. Right To Remain Silent 

Any person who is arrested or detained shall have the right to remain silent or avoid answering any question until after consultation with a legal practitioner.Any arrested or detained person shall be informed within twenty-four hours in a language he/she understands of the fact and grounds of his arrest.

16. Right To Court 

Every person who is arrested or detained shall be brought before a court of law within reasonable time 
(Section 35 of the 1999 constitution).

17. Right To Ownership Of Property

Every Citizen shall have right to own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria 

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(Section 35 of the 1999 constitution).


18. Right To Vote And Be Voted For In Any Election

Every person who is a citizen shall be entitled to actively participate in any form of election, provided the criteria and regulations of the electoral regulatory bodies are met

19. Right To Education

Every person shall be entitled to the right obtaining education at any educational institution/facility in any part of the country without any restriction or discrimination.

20. Right To Receive Compensation 

Any person who is unlawfully arrested or detained shall be entitled to compensation and public apology from the appropriate authority or person; and in this subsection, "the appropriate authority or person" means an authority or person specified by law.

21. Right To Freedom Of Expression 

Every person shall be entitled to freedom of expression, including freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart ideas and information without interference.

22. Freedom Of Association 

Every person shall be entitled to assemble freely and associate with other persons, and in particular he may form or belong to any political party, trade union or any other association for the protection of his interests.

23. Right To Acquire Immovable Property

Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, every citizen of Nigeria shall have the right to acquire and own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria.









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