Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC): History,Functions & Quick Facts You Should Know

The Independent National Electoral Commission popularly known as (INEC),
has been given the mandate to conduct all electoral affairs and activities in Nigeria.

INEC was established by the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria to organize elections into various political offices in the country.

This post contains some quick facts about the Independent National Electoral Commission,the function of the commission,past chairmen,history of the commission and other facts that you should know. 

Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC): Quick Facts You Should Know
  • 1. The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)set up in 1998.
  • 2. INEC is the electoral body / commission which was set up to supervise and conduct elections in Nigeria.
  • 3. INEC doesn't have the power to disqualify any candidate that wants to contest,only the court has that power. 
  • 4. Before the creation of INEC,The Federal Electoral Commission (FEDECO) established in 1960 was the commission responsible for conducting post-independence federal and regional elections of 1964 and 1965 in Nigeria. 
  • 5. FEDECO was dissolved after the military coup of 1966.
  • 6. After the dissolution of FEDECO,the Federal Electoral Commission was constituted by the regime of General Olusegun Obasanjo In 1978 to conduct elections in the country. 
  • 7. The military government of General Sani Abacha in December 1995 established the National Electoral Commission of Nigeria which conducted election in the country. 
  • 8. General Abdulsalam Abubakar created the present day INEC In 1998 following the dissolution of NECON,the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) was formed.
  • 9. INEC organized it's first elections on May 29, 1999.
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  • 10. The chairmen of the first Nigerian Federal Electoral Commission was Chief Eyo Esua (1964–1966),followed by Michael Ani (1979 elections) > Victor Ovie Whisky> Professor Eme Awa (1987–1989) > Professor Humphrey Nwosu (1989–1993) > Professor Okon Uya and Chief Sumner Dagogo-Jack (1994–1998) > Ephraim Akpata (First INEC Chairman) >Abel Guobadia (2000- 2005) > Professor Maurice Iwu (2005 - 2010) > Attahiru Muhammadu Jega (2010 - 2015) > Amina Zakari (Acting Chairman) > Mahmood Yakubu( 2015 - )
  • 10. The function of INEC as stated in Section 15, Part 1 of the Third Schedule of the 1999 Constitution and Section 2 of the Electoral Act 2010,is listed below
Register political parties in accordance with the provisions of the constitution and Act of the National Assembly.

Organise, undertake and supervise all elections to the offices of the President and Vice-President, the Governor and Deputy Governor of a State, and to the membership of the Senate, the House of Representatives and the House of Assembly of each state of the federation.

Monitor the organization and operation of the political parties, including their finances, conventions, congresses and party primaries.

Arrange and conduct the registration of persons qualified to vote and prepare, maintain and revise the register of voters for the purpose of any election under this constitution.

Arrange for the annual examination and auditing of the funds and accounts of political parties, and publish a report on such examination and audit for public information.

Monitor political campaigns and provide rules and regulations which shall govern the political parties.

Conduct voter and civic education.
Promote knowledge of sound democratic election processes.
Conduct any referendum required to be conducted pursuant to the provision of the 1999 Constitution or any other law or Act of the National Assembly.
  • 11. INEC's mission statement is to serve as an independent and effective EMB committed to the conduct of free, fair and credible elections for sustainable democracy in Nigeria.
  • 12. INEC's vision statement is to be one of the best Election Management Bodies (EMB) in the world that meets the aspirations of the Nigerian people.
  • 13. Listed below is INEC's value in conducting its affairs:
Impartiality: INEC shall ensure the creation of a level playing field for all political actors.

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Autonomy: INEC shall carry out all its functions independently, free from external control and influence.

Transparency: INEC shall display openness and transparency in all its activities and in its relationship with all stakeholders.

Integrity: INEC shall maintain truthfulness and honesty in all its dealings at all times.

Credibility: INEC shall ensure that no action or activity is taken in support of any candidate or political party.
Equity: INEC shall ensure fairness and justice in dealing with all stakeholders.

Excellence: INEC shall be committed to the promotion of merit and professionalism as the basis for all its actions.

Dedication: INEC shall be committed to providing quality electoral services efficiently and effectively, guided by best international practice and standards.

Team work: INEC shall create a conducive environment that promotes teamwork among its staff at all levels.