Girl Child Education In Nigeria Problems & Prospects

In this article we will examine the concept of girl child education,
the importance of girl child education,factors affecting girl child education,girl child education in northern part of Nigeria and also the problems and prospects of girl child education in Nigeria. 

Girl Child Education In Nigeria Problems & Prospects

The problem with Nigeria is the inability of the country to control it's porous borders and the exponential growth in population of the country.

This has put immense pressure on the country’s already weak resources and worsened the state of education resources in Nigeria. 

Over 45% of Nigeria's population are children under 15 years of age,with the current decline in the quality of education in Nigeria doesn't seem to be making a steady progress. 
Listed below are some of the major key facts and problems of Girl child education in Nigeria. 

Girl Child Education In Nigeria (Quick Facts)
  • 1. The Northern part of Nigeria has the worse cases of young girls out of school,in some cases the proportion of girls to boys in school ranges from 3 boys to 1 girl in some States.
  • 2. Many children especially the girls do not attend school because their labour is needed at home,either to help with the chores at home or to bring additional income into the family. 
  • 3. A lot of Nigerian families are impoverished and cannot afford to send the girl child to school,most often only the boys are sent to school. 
  • 4. Even when the girl child is sent to school,some of their parents cannot afford the cost of uniforms and textbooks.
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  • 5. In Nothern Nigeria,most illiterate parents do not send their children, especially girls to school and prefer to send them to Qur’anic schools rather than formal schools.

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  • 6. Over Forty per cent of Nigerian children aged 6-11 in Nothern Nigeria do not attend any primary school.
  • 7. The Northern region of Nigeria has the lowest school attendance rate in the country, particularly for girls.  
  • 8. Statistically about 4.7 million children of primary school age are still not in school.
  • 9. Female education is crucial for national development, the role of women cannot be underestimated. 
  • 10. Educating the girl child produces mothers who are educated and who will in turn educate their children, care for their families and provide for their children.
  • 11. Educating the girl child translates to better health for the future generation.
  • 12. Educating the girl child helps to reduce child morbidity and mortality.
  • 13. The girl child needs to be educated to acquire knowledge and skills needed to advance her status for social interactions and self-improvement. 
  • 14. When the girl child receives education,it helps her to face the reality in society and teaches her to be a good wife and mother and will help her to achieve her potentials.
  • 15. The Child’s Rights Act should be strengthened and implemented in all states in Nigeria,this will help to check abuse,especially in the northern states.
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  • 16. An educated girl child will empower and improve productivity in the society and will contribute to Nigeria's economy.

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  • 17. Girl child education is very necessary,every child should be given the opportunity to be educated irrespective of the gender of the child.
  • 18. Some parents still believe that educating the girl child is a waste of resources and hence the place of the girl child is in the bedroom and domestic work,a lot of people in Nigeria still believe in this fact especially in Northern Nigerian states.
  • 19. There is an African proverb that says, "If we educate a boy, we educate one person; if we educate a girl, we educate a family and a whole nation" No educated woman will allow her child to roam about on the streets aimlessly. 

  • 20. The Nigerian government should enact a law that will ensure that it is mandatory that the girl child should be sent to school,this will help to groom a more productive citizens that will contribute to the development of the economy.