History Of Education In Nigeria: 20 Solid Facts You Should Know

In this post we shall quickly examine the history of education in Nigeria and list the top 20 facts about education in Nigeria that you should know. 

Education in Nigeria was influenced by the westerners that colonized Nigeria,lets go ahead and list all the quick points on the history of western education in nigeria between 1842 and 
1916,the educational development in Nigeria after independence from 1960 to 1970 and the current system of education in present day Nigeria.  

History Of Education In Nigeria: 20 Solid Facts You Should Know
  • 1. Western education was introduced in Nigeria in 1842.
  • 2. In 1842 education was only administered at the primary level by the Christian missionaries.
  • 3. The earliest christian missionaries that introduced education in Nigeria were the Chord missionary society, the Wesleyan Methodist, and the Catholic.
  • 4. In 1859,Secondary education was established.
  • 5. The first secondary school in Nigeria was the CMS Grammar school, Lagos. 
  • 6. The British colonial government started to support and give donations to the missionary societies to support education in Nigeria in 1872.

  • 7. In 1882, the British colonial government introduced the Education ordinance,which gave them absolute total control over education in Nigeria, Schools were divided into Government and private school. 
  • 8. From 1882 government schools were financed through public funds,while the few private schools received little aid from public fund. 
  • 9. The Education ordinance by the British Government became a failure,however in 1887 a new ordinance was introduced which became effective. 
  • 10. The new education ordinance was only effective in some parts of Lagos metropolis.
  • 11. The new ordinance saw an increase in the number of new schools,foreign teachers were employed,the government encouraged missionaries and agencies in Nigeria. 
  • 12. The northerners who were predominantly muslims resisted education on the basis that education will affect the Islamic tradition.
  • 13. The first tertiary institution was established in 1932,after 73 years from the date of establishment of the first secondary school in Nigeria.
  • 14. The first University or tertiary institution was the Yaba Higher College which was established in 1932, but commenced studies in 1934,afterwards In 1948, The University College Ibadan was created.
  • 15. In present day Nigeria education in Nigeria is overseen by the Ministry of Education. 
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  • 16. The Nigerian education system is divided into 4 stages namely:  Kindergarten, Primary school, Secondary school and Tertiary education.

  • Check Out: Top 10 Best Medical Universities In Nigeria 

  • 17. Nigeria has the largest population of out of school youth in the world.
  • 18. Young Nigerians enrol into primary school at around 3 - 6 years,the pupils are expected to spend six years in primary school after which he or she is awarded the school-leaving certificate,afterwards the Common Entrance Examination is taken in other to qualify for admission into secondary school.
  • 19. Students are expected to spend six years in Secondary School,after which the GCE O’Levels exam, the WASSCE,JAMB and other examinations will be taken in other to qualify for admission into Tertiary Institutions.
  • 20. Depending on the individuals course of study,tertiary education is expected to last 4 - 6 years.

The education system in Nigeria has fallen to a deplorable low level,some of her citizens prefer to travel to other African countries or other Western countries for proper and sound education. It is now left for the Federal Government of Nigeria to revive Nigeria's educational system.